ABOUT US • Statute
Statute and Transitory Rules
- The "International Consortium for Law and Religion Studies" (hereafter "ICLARS") is hereby constituted.
- The address of the ICLARS shall be the Dipartimento Cesare Beccaria of the University of Milan, via Festa del Perdono 7, 20122 Milan.
The general purpose of the ICLARS is to promote the development of studies of Law and Religion all over the world. In particular, it will be the ICLARS' task:
- to promote collaboration between universities and other institutions undertaking research in this field;
- to make available funds and facilities for research to the members of the ICLARS and to young scholars;
- to promote meetings and contacts between scholars (including non-members);
- to facilitate co-operation in the development of research and of academic or other expert training;
- to provide consultation and co-operation services on behalf of public and private, national and international institutions in relation to the activities carried out by the ICLARS.
- Membership shall be open to individual scholars undertaking teaching or research activities in the fields referred to in Article 3 and to individuals participating in the work of institutions and other experts interested in the same fields. Membership is also open to institutions but they shall not have the rights indicated in the Articles 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 14.
- New members shall be proposed by at least five members from five different countries. Their application must be accepted by the Steering Committee with a majority of two thirds of its members. Once accepted by the Steering Committee, the proposed member's name will be communicated to all the ICLARS members by mail or electronically. ICLARS members who object to the proposed member will have one month to communicate their objection to the ICLARS President. A proposed member will become a member unless one third of the ICLARS members object to the proposal.
- Each member shall pay an annual enrolment fee on admission and subsequently prior to the 1st January of each year. The amount of the fee shall be fixed by the General Assembly on the proposal of the Steering Committee and may be changed from time to time. Members who fail to pay the subscription fees by 1st January of each year shall be suspended from the right to vote and to be elected to offices in the association. Failure to pay the annual fee and the arrears by the date of the next congress of the association shall automatically entail loss of membership. Former members who have lost their membership as a result of non-payment of dues may be reinstated following payment of arrears. The terms of readmission to membership for former members who have let their membership lapse for three or more years shall be as recommended by the Steering Committee.
- Expulsion of a member from ICLARS will require a proposal supported by the Steering Committee with a majority of at least two-third of its members and approved by at least two-third of all voting ICLARS members.
- The General Assembly of the ICLARS members shall be convened at the time of each ICLARS congress. Extraordinary assemblies may be called at the discretion of the Steering Committee or when at least one third of the members make a written request. Notice of the agenda of each General Assembly meeting (whether held in conjunction with a congress or as an extraordinary assembly) and of the time and place of such meeting shall be sent to members by electronic means not less than thirty-days in advance of the date of the proposed meeting, except when the Steering Committee determines that emergency circumstances require holding of a meeting without such notice.
- Decisions of the General Assembly shall be taken by absolute majority of the members present and voting. No minimum quorum of members is required for the General Assembly to take action. Decisions of the General Assembly shall be sent to members by electronic means within thirty days following the General Assembly meeting at which the decisions were taken. When urgent decisions are to be taken, the Steering Committee can send a clearly formulated proposal to all the ICLARS members asking them to vote on the proposal. Decisions shall be taken by an absolute majority of the ICLARS members whose votes are received by the Secretariat within fifteen days after the proposal has been sent to the members.
- The affairs and business of the Association are to be managed and conducted by the Steering Committee of the Association, which shall consist of the ICLARS President, a Vice-President and seven members. At least four of the following six geographical regions shall be represented in the Steering Committee: (i) Africa, (ii) Asia, (iii) Europe, (iv) Latin America, (v) United States & Canada, and (vi) Oceania. No State shall, however, have more than one member in the Steering Committee. Organizers of the ICLARS congresses will be pro tempore members of the Steering Committee without a right to vote. Decisions shall be taken by an absolute majority of the Steering Committee.
- The President and each member of the Steering Committee shall hold office until the conclusion of the second ICLARS congress after the one in which he/she was elected. They shall be elected by secret ballot by the General Assembly of the ICLARS members. Only ICLARS members with a minimum membership of two years shall have the right to vote for the Steering Committee and can be elected to it. Each member may be represented by another ICLARS member by proxy; but no member can represent more than one other ICLARS member.
- An alphabetical list of candidates for the Presidency and to the Steering Committee will be published in the ICLARS website thirty days prior to the General Assembly meeting at which an election is scheduled.
- The election of the President shall be conducted prior to the selection of the remaining members of the Steering Committee. The President shall be elected by an absolute majority of those present and voting. If this majority is not achieved at the first vote, a "run-off" ballot shall be held between the two candidates who have obtained the greatest number of votes. The President, after his election, and after election of the Steering Committee, will designate the Vice-President from amongst the members of the Steering Committee.
- For the election to the Steering Committee members other than the President, no member can vote for more than eight names. Members may not vote more than once for any candidate. Regulations concerning the election shall be prepared by the Promoting Committee and made known to the ICLARS members at least six months before the second ICLARS congress. These regulations must comply with the provisions of art. 11-13.
- If the ICLARS congress is not held by the time the term of the Steering Committee expires, the Committee shall stay in office until the next ICLARS congress, provided that it is held within twelve months from the expiry date. If no congress is held within this period, elections for the Steering Committee shall be held by electronic means according to Regulations to be prepared by the Promoting Committee before the second ICLARS congress.
- Policy decisions, administration and management tasks in relation to the ICLARS activity shall be taken and carried out by the Steering Committee which for this purpose shall have wide powers both as regards ordinary and extraordinary administration and also with regard to third parties. The Steering Committee shall take its decisions by majority vote. When votes are equal, the President's casting vote shall be decisive. Each member of the Steering Committee may be represented by another member by proxy; but no member shall cast more than two votes. The Committee shall be empowered, if so decided by an absolute majority of those present, to appoint one or more of its members as representatives for carrying out one or more tasks.
- Every amendment to these Statutes will require the votes in its favour of at least two-third of those present and voting at a duly noticed General Assembly meeting.
- Until the second ICLARS congress the ICLARS executive body shall consist of a Promoting Committee which will exercise the powers of the Steering Committee under these Statutes. The Promoting Committee consists of the following members:
- Professor Ana Maria Celis
- Professor W. Cole Durham, Jr
- Professor Silvio Ferrari
- Professor C. Ibán
- Professor Tahir Mahmood
- Professor Juan Navarro Floria
- Professor Gerhard Robbers
- The Committee will elect first President and Vice-President of ICLARS from amongst its members.* By unanimous vote the Promoting Committee can appoint not more than two additional members. At least four of the six geographic areas referred to in Article 10 above will be represented in the Promoting Committee. No State shall have more than one member in the Promoting Committee.
- At the time of the second ICLARS congress, the ICLARS General Assembly will vote for four members of the Steering Committee. At the time of the next congress, the Assembly will vote for the remaining places. The rules of Articles 12-14 above regarding the duration of office, vote limitations and electoral procedures shall apply with effect from the second ICLARS congress. Serving on the ICLARS Promoting Committee shall not be an impediment to being elected to the Steering Committee.
- Until the first General Assembly the amount of the ICLARS membership fees shall be 40 Euro (or its equivalent in US dollars).