EVENTS

12/09/2018
The Fifth ICLARS Conference - Living Together in Diversity: Strategies from Law and Religion

Registration available at http://sgu.net.br/event/ICLARS2018.

CONCEPT PAPER

Demographic projections indicate that cultural and religious diversity will increase dramatically in the coming decades in many parts of the world. What are the contributions that law and religion studies can give in response to the challenges posed by increasing religious and cultural diversity?  What are the political, legal and sociological strategies “from law and religion” that can enable citizens to live together with religious and cultural difference?

Granting freedom of religion or belief to everyone is obvious. But what theological and philosophical conceptions and what political and legal practices of freedom of religion or belief are most helpful in addressing cultural and religious diversification. Historically, differing conceptions and practices have been dominant in various regions of the world. Today freedom of religion or belief is granted in many different ways on a continuum between the two extremities of promoting equality or encouraging diversity. In Western countries, freedom of religion or belief has been primarily granted through equality, discarding the regimes of religiously-based personal laws that were in force until the 18th century and replacing them with a uniform State legal system. In other parts of the world – India or South Africa for example – freedom of religion or belief is promoted through diversity, maintaining systems of personal laws that give citizens different civil (and sometimes even political) rights based on religious confession. Both systems have their weak and strong points and cannot be understood without taking into consideration the history, culture, and social conditions of different parts of the world. What is the impact of increasing religious and cultural diversification on different iterations of freedom of religion or belief and what are the best strategies to make freedom of religion or belief an effective tool for living together in diversity are the questions which lie at the core of this conference.

THE CONFERENCE GENERAL THEME IS SUBDIVIDED INTO THE FOLLOWING TOPICS
1.    Majorities and Minorities (including indigenous peoples). Is the distinction between religious majorities and minorities a helpful starting point to approach the issue of freedom of religion or belief as a tool for “living together in diversity”? Is speaking of majorities and minorities harmful to the respect of individual rights, including the right to freedom of religion or belief? What are the best legal strategies to grant freedom of religion or belief to both majorities and minorities? Should indigenous people be set apart as a specific group that deserves protection or should they be included in the broader category of minority? Is State recognition of the customary law of indigenous populations a helpful tool to safeguard cultural and religious diversity?

2.    Private and Public life (education, family). Is the distinction public/private meaningful for strategies of granting freedom of religion or belief and living together in diversity? Is it helpful in areas of human life (education, family and so on) that include a public and private dimension? Is a more inclusive notion of public life required to address the issue of religious and cultural diversification? How far can we go in thinking of a plural family law and a plural education system?

3.    Religious freedom (laws that may or may not contribute to living together in diversity). Is “living together in diversity” dependent on a strong notion and practice of freedom of religion or belief? What is the role and place of freedom of conscience? How much does religious and cultural diversification affect the way we conceive and practice freedom of religion or belief? What conceptions of freedom of religion or belief have historically proved to be more conducive to a society where living together in diversity is possible? International law regulates freedom of religion or belief: is it also capable of addressing religious and cultural diversity?

4.    Structural and institutional level (citizenship, neutrality). Are forms of “differentiated citizenship” required or helpful in order to live together in difference? What impact could it have on freedom of religion or belief and equal treatment? Is the notion of “neutrality” scientifically sound and, if so, what is its content when applied to State laws? Is the separation of State and religion an effective strategy for maximizing freedom of religion or belief in a highly diverse society? What other strategies could be devised? Are States with a dominant religion inherently hostile to the promotion of religious diversity? Should religious diversity find expression at a political level, through the creation of religiously-based political parties

PROGRAM

Wednesday 12

1,30 – 6,30 pm

ARRIVAL AND REGISTRATION (PUC-Rio, Law School, 7th floor)

3,30 – 5 pm

 

 

 

 

 

YOUNG SCHOLARS SESSIONS

Session 1: YOUNG SCHOLARS’ PRESENTATIONS (Auditorium B8-A)

CHAIR:  Cristiana Cianitto (Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy)

Speakers:

-          Sohail Wahedi (Erasmus School of Law, Netherlands), Religious freedom and living together in diversity. A peaceful combination?

-          Werner Nel (Tshwane University of Technology & Religious Liberty Commission, South Africa), A taxonomy of crimes against humanity of religious persecution in terms of the Rome Statute

-          Tamar de Waal (Erasmus School of Law, Netherlands), Equal citizenship and the Judeo-Christian Leitkultur of Western democracies

-          Mohammed Jemal Ahmed and Seid Demeke Mekonnen (Wollo University, Ethiopia / City University of Hong Kong), Social medias as an alternative space for faith. Inter and intra-religions polemics among the Ethiopian diasporas

3,30 – 5 pm

Session 2: LATIN AMERICAN YOUNG SCHOLARS (Auditorium B8-B)

 

CHAIR: Ana María Celis (President, ICLARS;  Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)
Speakers: 

-          Elena López Ruf (Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina), Paradigms of relations between state and religion, state organizational design and intercultural dialogue policies

-          Maria Delfina Orpelli (Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina), Does the Exhibition of Religious Symbols in the Public Spaces of Court House violate individual rights? A resolution by the High Court of La Pampa

-          Alexia Duarte Torres (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil), Social pluralism, state, and religious freedom. An analysis of Herman Dooyeeerd’s Theory of the Spheres of Justice

5 – 5,15 pm

REFRESHMENTS (8th Floor)

5,15 – 6,45 pm

WELCOMES

CHAIR: Fábio Carvalho Leite, Professor of Law and Legal Advisor to the Rector, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro

-          Prof. Pe. Álvaro Mendonça Pimentel, S.J., Vice Rector, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro

-          Prof. Luiz Roberto Cunha, Dean of the Social Sciences Center, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro

-          Prof. Francisco de Guimaraens, Dean of the Law School, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro

-          Ana María Celis Brunet, President of the International Consortium for Law and Religion Studies and Director of Centro UC Derecho y Religión, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

 

KEYNOTE SPEAKER: SILVIO FERRARI, Honorary Life President of the International Consortium for Law and Religion Studies and Professor Emeritus, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy

7 – 8 pm

WELCOME COCKTAIL (Salão da Pastoral)

Thursday 13

9 – 10,30 am

PLENARY SESSION I — MAJORITIES AND MINORITIES (Auditorium B6)

 CHAIR:  W. Cole Durham, Jr. (Brigham Young University, United States)

Speakers:

-          Mark Hill QC (Cardiff University, United Kingdom), Minority religion. Global issues from a United Kingdom perspective

-          Emerson Giumbelli (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil), Minorities are not necessarily against majorities. Evangelical discourses in contemporary Brazil

10,30 – 11 am

REFRESHMENTS (8th Floor)

11 am –

12,45 pm

PARALLEL SESSIONS I — APPROACHES ON MAJORITIES AND MINORITIES

Session 1:  Online Atlas of Religious Minorities Rights in the Council of Europe Countries (Auditorium B6)

Presentation of the Project by the Author, Professor Silvio Ferrari

Session 2: Worldwide Laws and Jurisprudence of Living Together (Auditorium B8-A)

CHAIR:  Gary Doxey (International Center for Law and Religion Studies, United States)

Speakers:

-          Rodrigo Vitorino Souza Alves (Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil), Religious diversity and the protection of minority rights in the Inter-American human rights system

-          Rosa María Martínez de Codes (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain), Reasonable accommodations in a secularized Europe in the face of integration challenge. Strategies from law and religion

-          Ewelina Ochab (University of Kent, United Kingdom): A new approach to help Iraqi minorities

-          Mohamed Saeed M. Eltayeb (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Qatar): The quest for ensuring intra-religious diversity in Islamic tradition

Session 3: Majorities and Minorities in Europe and the Americas (602 Frings)

CHAIR:  Norberto Padilla (Presidente Consorcio Latinoamericano de Libertad Religiosa / Pontificia Universidad Católica de Argentina)

Speakers:

-          Rodrigo Cespedes (Law & Anthropology Department, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology [Halle], Germany), Religion and indigenous people in the Americas

-          Eugenia Relaño Pastor (Law & Anthropology Department, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology [Halle], Germany), CUREDI: The new European database on Cultural and Religious Diversity
-          Javier Garcia Oliva (University of Manchester, United Kingdom) and Helen Hall (Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom), A comparative analysis on the legal regulation of exorcism in England and the United States

1 – 2,15 pm

LUNCH (Salão da Pastoral)

BOOK LAUNCH. Religious Freedom and the Law: Emerging Contexts for Freedom for and From Religion, Brett G. Scharffs, Asher Maoz, and Ashley Isaacson Woolley, eds.  A volume in the Routledge ICLARS Series on Law and Religion, developed from papers at ICLARS IV in Oxford, UK, September 2016.

2,15 – 3,45 pm

 

PLENARY SESSION II — PRIVATE AND PUBLIC LIFE (Auditorium B6)

CHAIR:  Carmen Aida Domínguez Hidalgo (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)
Speakers:

-          Brett G. Scharffs (Brigham Young University, United States), The public / private distinction, religious rights, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

-          Javier Martínez-Torrón (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain), Freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and public morals in the Strasbourg case law

3,45 – 4,15 pm

REFRESHMENTS (8th Floor)

4,15 – 5,45 pm

PARALLEL SESSIONS II — PRIVATE AND PUBLIC LIFE

Session 1: Perspectives in Private and Public Space (Auditorium B6)

CHAIR:  Elena Miroshnikova (Pushkin Leningrad State University, Russia)

Speakers

-          Kyriaki Topidi (Faculty of Law University of Luzern, Switzerland), Faith based education and equality: towards an education of prejudice?  The example of faith schools in England

-          Fábio Carvalho Leite (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Controversy about religious education in Brazilian public schools 

-          Ana María Celis Brunet and Sebastian Zarate Rojas (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile / Universidad de los Andes, Chile),

A Comparative analysis of Pope Francis’ media coverage. Religious freedom and the secular state

-          Thiago Felipe Alves Pinto (University of Oxford, United Kingdom), Freedom of religion or belief and protection of places of worship. A human rights based analysis of the Al Mahdi case at the International Criminal Court

Session 2: Religious Freedom, State Neutrality, and Education (sponsored by the Research Projects REVESTRA and NESPUPRI, funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and based at Complutense University) (session in Spanish without translation) (Auditorium B8-B)

CHAIR:  Javier Martínez-Torrón (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España)

Speakers:  

-          Santiago Cañamares (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España), Una revisión crítica de la posición del TEDH sobre la 'excepción ministerial’ en la sentencia Karoly Nagy v. Hungría del Tribunal de Estrasburgo

-          María José Valero (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España), Neutralidad del estado y prohibición de arbitrariedad en los últimos pronunciamientos del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos

-          Ana María Vega Gutiérrez (Catedrática de Derecho Eclesiástico del Estado, Universidad de La Rioja, Spain), La educación como estrategia jurídico-política en los planes de prevención del radicalismo violento

-          Silvia Meseguer (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España), Neutralidad, diversidad y celebración de las festivaded religiosas en las escuela pública

-          Belén Rodrigo (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España), La dieta adaptada a prescripciones religiosas en los comedores escolares

Session 3:  La vida privada y pública en América Latina (session in Spanish or Portuguese without translation) (602 Frings)

CHAIR:  Juan Martin Vives (Universidad Adventista del Plata, Argentina)

Speakers:

-          Norberto Padilla (Presidente Consorcio Latinoamericano de Libertad Religiosa), El pluralismo en la legislación de família y en los sistemas educativos. Alcances y limites

-          Carmen Asiaín Pereira (Universidad de Montevideo, Uruguay; Senado do Uruguay): La Familia titular de derechos y libertades, especialmente en la educación. Desde los instrumentos de Derechos Humanos a la Constitución uruguaya

-          Cecilia Palomo Caudillo (Instituto de la Judicatura Federal – Aguascalientes, México), Influencia de los criterios de la Corte Interamericana, en la educación pública y privada en América latina

-          Jayme Weingartner Neto (Centro Universitário La Salle; Tribunal de Justiça do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil), Ensino religioso nas escolas públicas brasileiras: a diretriz (?) do Supremo Tribunal Federal

6 – 7,30 pm

SPECIAL SESSION and DINNER in Honor of Lifetime Achievements of Professor Silvio Ferrari and Professor W. Cole Durham, Jr. (Auditorium B6)

CHAIR: Ana María Celis Brunet (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)

Speakers:

-          Gerhard Robbers (Universität Trier, Germany)

-          Brett G. Scharffs (Brigham Young University, United States)

8 pm

DINNER in honor of Professor SILVIO FERRARI and Professor W. COLE DURHAM, JR.  (Fogo de Chão Brazilian Steak House, Av. Reporter Nestor Moreira, s/n - Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro)

 

Friday 14

9 – 10,30 am

PARALLEL SESSIONS III — RELIGIOUS FREEDOM LAWS THAT MAY OR MAY NOT CONTRIBUTE TO LIVING TOGETHER IN DIVERSITY

Session 1: Religious Freedom, the Law, and Diversity (Auditorium B6)

CHAIR: Pieter Coertzen (Stellenbosch University, South Africa)

Speakers:

-          Burkhard J. Berkmann (Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany), Does freedom of religion foster a pluralism of religious laws in Europe?

-          Werner Nel (Tshwane University of Technology & Religious Liberty Commission, South Africa), The role of religious identity in determining the ‘mode of persecution’ as a crime against humanity

-          Barry W. Bussey (Canadian Council of Christian Charities, Canada / University of Notre Dame Australia, Sydney), The constitutional promise of religious freedom and the Canada Supreme Court decision in the Trinity Western University case

Session 2: Delineating the Contours of Religious Liberty (Auditorium B8-A)

CHAIR: Rosa Maria Martinez de Codes (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain)

Speakers:

-          Christof Sauer (Freie Theologische Hochschule Giessen, Germany), The Freedom of Thought Report of the International Humanist and Ethical Union.  A critical assessment of methods and outcomes of a transnational comparison of FoRB

-          Priscilla Regina da Silva (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), The sacred boundaries of liberty: an analysis of hate speech against religion

-          Gregory Mose (Aix-Marseille Université, France), ‘Ceci n’est pas un gateau.’ The distorting effects of standards of review in religious freedom cases

Session 3: Impacts of Legal Change on Religious Liberty (Auditorium B8-B)

CHAIR: Jessica Giles (The Open University, United Kingdom)

Speakers:

-          Evaldo Xavier Gomes (Conferencia Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil): Living together in the Americas: recent developments on the protection of the right to freedom of religion in the Inter-American human rights system

-          Marek Szopski (Warsaw University, Poland): Politicization of religion in contemporary Poland - from freedom of religion to religious autocracy

-          Greg Walsh (University of Notre Dame Australia): Same-sex marriage and religious liberty

Session 4: Leyes de libertad religiosa en América Latina (in Spanish or Portuguese without translation) (602 Frings)

CHAIR: Pe. Waldecir Gonzaga (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Speakers:

-          Joel Portella Amado (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), Influência ou autonomía: reflexões a respeito da incidência religiosa na elaboração de leis numa sociedade democrática

-          Oscar Díaz Muñoz (Constitutional Court of Perú), La neutralidad del estado como respeto por la diversidad religiosa en el Perú    

-          Juan G. Navarro Floria (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Argentina), El proyecto de ley de libertad religiosa para la Argentina y la intervención de las confesiones deligiosas en el ámbito público

10.30 –  11 am

REFRESHMENTS (8th Floor)

11 am –

12,45 pm

PLENARY SESSION III — RELIGIOUS FREEDOM (LAWS THAT MAY OR MAY NOT CONTRIBUTE TO LIVING TOGETHER IN DIVERSITY) (Auditorium B6)

CHAIR:  Gerhard Robbers (Universität Trier, Germany)

Speakers:

-          Jónatas Machado (Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal), Freedom of religion and expression. Between populism and postsecularism

-          Carmen Asiaín Pereira (Universidad de Montevideo; Senado de Uruguay), Discriminating to fight discrimination? A perspective from freedom of religion or belief advocacy

-          Scott Isaacson (Brigham Young University, United States), Finding solutions to culture war issues. The example of the Utah Compromise

1 – 2 pm

LUNCH (Salão da Pastoral)

2,15 – 4 pm

PLENARY SESSION IV — STRUCTURAL AND INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL APPROACHES TO CHALLENGES OF DIVERSITY (Auditorium B6)

CHAIR:  Juan G. Navarro Floria (Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina)

Speakers:

-          Rajeev Bhargava (Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, India), The state, religious diversity, and principled distance

-          W. Cole Durham, Jr., (Brigham Young University, United States), Benign secularity as a response to diversity

4 – 4,30 pm

REFRESHMENTS (8th Floor)

4,30 – 5,45

PARALLEL SESSIONS IV — STRUCTURAL AND INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL

Session 1: Theoretical Approaches to International Religious Freedom Accords (Auditorium B6)

CHAIR: Thiago Alves Pinto (University of Oxford, United Kingdom)

Speakers:

-          Michael Wiener (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva), Religious freedom accords in international law

-          Jessica Giles (The Open University, United Kingdom), A theoretical approach to implementation of religious freedom accords

-          Zachary Calo (Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar), Internal and external coherence: freedom of religion from a global perspective

Session 2: Religion-State Structures and Strategies for Living Together in Diversity (Auditorium B8-A)

Christof Sauer (Freie Theologische Hochschule Giessen, Germany)

Speakers:

-          Elena Miroshnikova (Pushkin Leningrad State University, Russia), Freedom of conscience as an effective strategy from law and religion

-          Graham McGeoch (Faculdade Unida de Vitoria, Brazil), Religious freedom, a national church and ‘New Scots’: Does a Scottish Muslim need a national church?

-          Antonio Fuccillo, Francesco Sorvillo, and Ludovica Decimo (Università degli Studi della Campania - Luigi Vanvitell / Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy), The courts and the code: legal osmosis between religion and law in the cultural framework of civil law systems

-          Agnes Christian Chaves Faria Alexandrovna Dybova (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil): Recognition of churches by the state and related ties to the state budget

Session 3: Law, Religion, Culture – International Experiences (Auditorium B8-B)

CHAIR:  Rodrigo Vitorino Souza Alves (Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Brazil)

Speakers: 

-          İsmail Başaran (Iğdır Üniversitesi Faculty of Theology, Turkey), Religious freedom: Ottoman experience

-          Pieter Coertzen (Stellenbosch University, South Africa), Strategies from law and religion in South Africa

-          Li-Ann Thio (National University of Singapore Faculty of Law, Singapore), Religious freedom, rule of law and le vivre ensemble within religiously diverse secular democracies. Asian perspectives and practices

-          Juan Martin Vives (Universidad Adventista del Plata, Argentina), Liberté, fraternité, uniformité. Religion as a source of social cohesion and political legitimacy in Argentina

5,45 – 6,15 pm

ICLARS GENERAL ASSEMBLY (AUDITORIUM B6)

6,15 pm

CONCLUDING REMARKS by ICLARS PRESIDENTS:  SILVIO FERRARI, COLE DURHAM, and ANA MARÍA CELIS (AUDITORIUM B6)

7,00 pm

COCKTAIL (Salão da Pastoral)

 

 

Event Information

Venue

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio)

  • Address for Arrival (Taxi / Uber):  Terminal da PUC – Avenida Padre Lionel Franca
  • Postal Adress: Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225 - Gávea, - Rio de Janeiro - 22451-000

Accommodation

Recommended Hotels (conference rates, password: ICLARS2018)

  • Everest Rio Hotel (Ipanema) [http://everest.com.br/everest-rio-hotel/]

Rua Prudente de Morais 1117

Booking: reservas@everest.com.br / +55 800 600 0995 / +55 21 2525 2200

 

 

Transport
  • From (‘Galeão’) International Airport to Hotels
    • Dedicated Airport Taxis (prepaid): pay at stalls in Arrivals Area then take taxi just outside Arrivals Area (ca. R$ 150 – cash & credit card)
    • Regular ‘Yellow’ Taxis (metered): from outside the Departure Area (upstairs !) (ca. R$ 80 – cash only)
    • Uber (app): from outside the Departure Area (upstairs !) at Exit B (ca. R$45)

all options are safe at day and night

there are a Money Exchange (‘Câmbio’) & ATMs (‘Caixas Eletrónicos’) in the Arrivals Area

 

  • To (‘Galeão’) International Airport from Hotels
    • Regular ‘Yellow’ Taxis (metered); hailed at hotel or on street (ca. R$ 80 – cash only)
    • Uber (app) (ca. R$45 depending on time of day)
  • From Hotels to PUC-Rio (and back)
    • Conference Vans at Specified Times
    • Yellow Taxi or Uber (private) (Adress to be given: ‘Terminal da PUC’ – Av. Padre Leonel Franca)

 Food

  • Conference Lunches: ‘Pastoral’ Venue (C) at PUC
  • Conference Dinner: Fogo de Chão

Contact Local Organizers

You may also reach the organizers by e-mail at iclars2018@gmail.com


Where: Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (Departamento de Direito: http://www.jur.puc-rio.br/) at Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225, Gávea – Rio de Janeiro, RJ – Brasil – 22451-900.
When: 12/09/2018
http://https://easychair.org/cfp/5th-ICLARSConferenceRio2018

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